Knights Templar playing chess, Libro de los juegos, 1283.
There is a psychological motif underlying the making and playing of boardgames, as explicated in my game alchemy essay. It corresponds to mandala creations, which try to encapsulate the hectic game playing nature of human life. As a whole, constructs such as these are expressions of psychic wholeness, a dynamic form of mandala. They are not meant to be studied and analyzed, because that would be a waste of valuable time. Still, it’s entertaining to play a game or two against my programs. Suffice it to say that this motif, the playing of games, is what underlies practically all human activity, whether in art, politics, science, or technology. Fascinated and obsessed, we play our “games” according to predefined rules; but from a bird’s eye perspective we appear like little laboratory mice running around in labyrinths.
Gustav III’s Chess - invented by a king! (Gustav den tredjes schack)
4-handed Chaturanga with dice - ancient chess for gamblers (Fyrsidig Chaturanga med tärning)
4-handed Shatranj - a relative of 4-handed Chaturanga.
Burmese Chess - in rememberance of the god Rãma’s joint battle with the monkeys. (Burmesiskt schack).
Oblong Shatranj with die - a medieval chess variant (Avlångt shatranj (schack) med tärning).
Chinese Chess - the world’s most popular game.
MiniXiangqi - 7x7 Chinese Chess.
Korean Chess - a variant native to Korea.
Hiashatar - a variant native to Mongolia.
Circular Chess - a revived medieval variant.
Paulovits’s Game - featuring the General and the Pasha
Capablanca’s Chess and other 8x10 chess variants. (Capablancas schack)
Blindfold Chess - advanced training of the “little grey.” There is also a DOS implementation to download (Blindschack).
Royal Pawn Chess - introducing the absolute pawn
Bario - the future of chess?
Bolyar Chess - a variant native to Bulgaria
Seirawan Chess - a conservative drop chess
Gorgona Chess - featuring the paralyzing Gorgona
Airplane Chess - introducing the Airplane
Aviation Chess - featuring the Aviator
Coordinator Chess - featuring the Coordinator
Angel Chess - a bellicose variant
Troitzky Chess - chess on a roundish board
Modern Courier Chess - a modernized medieval variant
Fischer Random Chess (Chess960)
Torpedo Chess - pawns make two steps everywhere
AlphaZero Variants - the variants investigated by AlphaZero
Chess Attack - a mini variant endorsed by the World Champion
Cambodian Chess - an old variant played in Cambodia ...New!
Asean Chess - as defined by Asean Chess Confederation ...New!
The following variants are attempts at “improvements” of
standard chess. At least, they are suitable for training purposes. The ten
that immediately follow are relocation variants.
Relocation Chess - rearranging the piece array (also Chess64).
Dynamic Chess - introducing a new pawn move (also Chess4).
Fischer Placement Chess - generating a modest subset of Chess960.
Configuration Chess - reconfiguring the startup position (also Chess400).
Placement Chess - mirrored rearrangement of the piece array (also Chess20).
Arrangement Chess - rearranging the initial position (also Chess100).
Regiment Chess - reordering the piece array (also Regiment Random Chess).
Regroupment Chess - regroupment in the piece array (also Chess484).
Multi-chess - regroupment in the initial array (Chess57).
Chess-9 - modest non-mirrored rearrangement of the initial position.
Relocation Chess Variants - collected in one program.
Revised Chess - introducing the revised pawn.
Adjutant Chess - with empty extra corner squares.
Castle Chess - standard chess with extended castle.
Future Chess - a relocation variant with extra corner squares.
Stalemate Chess - stalemate wins sometimes
Improved Chess - an improvement of Fide-chess
Reformed Chess - introducing swapping pawns
Neoorthodox Chess - introducing extended castling
Fide-chess 2.0 - chess with extended kingside castle.
Sentry Chess - forward capturing pawn (with king behind).
Valiant Chess - introducing a new pawn move.
Pushpawn Chess - a pawn can push back an enemy pawn. ...New!
Immunity Chess - the king cannot capture pawn on second rank. ...New!
Frog King Chess - the king can capture by jumping. ...New!
The following variants are “modest”, i.e. they are played on a
standard board with the inclusion of a new piece, or some other new
Variable Chess - one light piece is initially external.
Flexible Chess - the light pieces are initially external
Reserve Chess - chess with extra piece.
Neoteric Chess - relocation chess with extra piece.
Pioneer Chess - chess with extra piece.
Accessory Chess - chess with accessory piece.
Pilgrim Chess - chess with extra piece.
Alternative Chess - with or without extra piece.
Alpaca Chess - the Alpaca can be exchanged for two pawns.
Chess256 - pawns are randomized on the 2nd and 3rd ranks.
Extrapawn Chess - standard chess with extra pawn.
Winther’s Chess - introducing the Bombard cannon.
Stoltz Chess - in honour of Gösta Stoltz
Stahlberg Chess - in honour of Gideon Ståhlberg
Pyrrhus Chess - introducing the paralysing Pyrrhus
Basilisk Chess - introducing the Basilisk cannon.
Culverin Chess - introducing the Culverin cannon.
Perier Chess - introducing the Perier cannon.
Swedish Cannon Chess - introducing the Swedish Cannon
New Chess - drop-chess with pawn relocation
Meteoric Chess - a sound but lively drop chess variant
The following variants are of various type, many are controversial but
Twinmove Chess - a fully practicable double-move chess (Dubbeldragschack)
Scorpion Chess - introducing the dangerous Scorpion pawn
Correlator Chess - a big board variant featuring the Correlator.
Swedish Chess - finally, the “perfect” chess variant. (Svenskt Schack)
Elephant Chess - a tranquil form of chess.
Mammoth Chess - a new big-board drop-chess.
Mastodon Chess - a new big-board chess.
Dromedary Chess - the long-leaper unshackled
Hopper Chess - introducing the new hop move
Orphic Chess - an entrancing chess
Gunnery Chess - introducing the cannon pawn
Gunnery Chess (8x10) - big-board chess with cannon pawns
Geminus Chess - twinmove drop-chess
Samhain Chess - in commemoration of the ancient Celts
Barion - quantum physics on the chessboard.
Mastodon Chess (8x10) - a new big-board chess.
Mammoth Chess (8x10) - a new big-board drop-chess.
Scandinavian Chess - a development of Capablanca’s 8x10 variant. (Skandinavisk schack)
Shamanic Chess - introducing the shaman piece
Chess-B - a complement to Fide-chess.
Harpy Chess - introducing the pestering Harpy
Elk Chess - enters the Elk, the King of the Wood
Hopper-Elk Chess - a dynamic variant with hopper moves
Gustavian Camelrider Chess - featuring the long-leaping Camelrider (Kamelryttarschack)
Elkrider Chess - introducing the Elkrider
Cannonrider Chess - introducing the Cannonrider
Gustavian Cannonrider Chess - Cannonriders on a Gustavian board
Magicpawns Chess - introducing the flighty magic pawn
Royal CannonChess - introducing the royal cannon move
Brigadier Chess - introducing the brigadier piece
Commodore Chess - featuring the commodore cannon
Constable Chess - introducing the constable piece
Grenadier Chess - introducing the grenadier piece (Grenadjärschack)
Mortar Chess - introducing the mortar piece (Mörsarschack)
Howitzer Chess - introducing the howitzer piece (Haubitsschack)
Magneticpawns Chess - introducing the magnetic pawn
Stheno Chess - introducing the repulsive stheno piece
Oxybeles Chess - introducing the oxybeles catapult
Mangonel Chess - introducing the mangonel catapult
Naiad Chess - introducing the magnetic naiad piece
Castalia Chess - introducing the magnetic castalia piece
Ladon Chess - introducing the repulsing ladon piece
Alseid Chess - introducing the magnetic alseid piece
Turret Chess - introducing the turret catapult
Belfry Chess - introducing the belfry catapult
Bodyguard Chess - featuring bodyguard and kwagga
Echidna Chess - introducing the repulsing Echidna
Leto Chess - introducing the telekinetic Leto
Trebuchet Chess - introducing the Trebuchet catapult
Gastrophete Chess - introducing the Gastrophete catapult
Bombardier Chess - introducing the Bombardier piece
Columbiad Chess - introducing the Columbiad piece
Scout Chess - introducing the long-leaping Scout
Gustavian Cannon Chess - featuring the Swedish Cannon
Guanaco Chess - introducing the Guanaco.
Zeppelin Chess - introducing the Zeppelin
Dragonet Chess - introducing the Dragonet
Interloper Chess - introducing the invulnerable Interloper
Phalanx Chess - introducing the Phalanx pawn
Warlock Chess - introducing the transforming Warlock
Matron Chess - introducing the attacking Matron
Pitcher Chess - introducing the catapult pawn.
Leapfrog Chess - introducing the hopping pawn.
Capablanca Relocation Chess - rearranging the Capablanca piece array.
Flexible Chinese Chess - the horses are initially external
Blockula Chess - witches keep the pieces under a spell.
Diarchic Chess - witches have the kingdom under a spell.
Here follows bifurcation pieces.
Crossbishop Chess - introducing the crossbishop piece
Crossrook Chess - introducing the crossrook piece
Crossbishop Chess (8x10) - a big-board variant with crossbishops
Doublebarrel Chess - introducing the leaping doublebarrel
Doublecannon Chess - introducing the leaping doublecannon piece
Doublecannon Chess (8x10) - a big-board variant with doublecannons
Amiral Chess - introducing the bouncing amiral
Helmsman Chess - introducing the bouncing helmsman
Buccaneer Chess - introducing the bouncing buccaneer
Secutor Chess - introducing the colliding secutor piece
Murmillo Chess - introducing the colliding murmillo
Hoplomach Chess - introducing the leaping hoplomach
Retiar Chess - introducing the bouncing retiar
Pegniar Chess - introducing the bouncing pegniar
Sagittar Chess - introducing the sagittar cannon
Venator Chess - introducing the venator cannon
Essedar Chess - introducing the colliding essedar
Provocator Chess - introducing the colliding provocator piece
Laquear Chess - introducing the colliding laquear
Meridian Chess - introducing the bouncing meridian
Samnis Chess - introducing the bouncing samnis
Thraex Chess - introducing the leaping thraex
Gaul Chess - introducing the leaping gaul
Veles Chess - introducing the Veles bifurcation piece.
Dimachaer Chess - introducing the colliding dimachaer piece
Hoplit Chess - introducing the Hoplit bifurcation piece
Gladiatrix Chess - introducing the agile Gladiatrix
My variants with only standard equipment are also summarized here.
Chess ArticlesThe chess rules - should they be modified?
My chess gamesM. Winther’s chess games - some of my games at 365Chess.com
Other sites:FICS - spela schack online