Keywords: Vanguard Draughts, vanguard rule, International Draughts, checkers, dammen, jeu de dames, damspel, tammi, damspil, Damespiel, Dame, Dama, Damas, draughts.
This variant follows the same rules as International Draughts, except for one important difference: a Man cannot immediately capture backwards if an enemy Man just moved there. Such a momentarily invulnerable Man is called “vanguard”. In any other situation, it is allowable to capture backwards. Note that a King cannot become a vanguard, so a King is not invulnerable in this situation.
Although a Man can also capture backwards, it may not immediately capture a vanguard. It means that it is trickier to defend against intruders. A Man may sneak behind the back of an enemy Man and capture it from behind, or reach a promotion square. Arguably, it is a good idea to keep a Man or two as rear guards. However, the rule could also be used to attack a vanguard, since it cannot immediately capture a Man that attacks from behind. In International Draughts, it is difficult to win with three Kings against one. Diverse halt rules have been proposed as a remedy. The vanguard rule is preferably combined with any of four different halt rules (cf. Winther, 2017a, here)
A Man steps diagonally forwards. It captures, by the short leap, in all diagonal directions. A King slides and captures in all diagonal directions over any distance. It also jumps to capture, but only one Man at a time. A King may “fly” over empty squares (“long King”).
A Man promotes to King at the last rank. If a Man makes an intermediate landing on a promotion square and can continue capturing, it does not promote. Capture is mandatory, and one must continue capturing as long as possible. It is mandatory to select the longest capturing line. Captured pieces are removed only after the move is finished. The goal is to capture all the opponent’s pieces.
The game is played on an 10x10 board with 20 pieces per player. Minor Polish draughts, the forebear of this variant, was known already in the 16th century, and possibly even earlier. It was a popular board game in Holland, especially in Amsterdam.
Winther, M. (2015). ‘International/Polish Checkers Variants’. (here)
-------- (2017a). ‘Draughts with Deferred Backwards Capture’. (here)
-------- (2017). ‘Swedish Draughts’. (here)
-------- (2017). ‘Frisian Draughts 2.0’. (here)
-------- (2017). ‘Leapfrog Checkers’. (here)
☛ You can download my free Vanguard Draughts program here (updated 2020-10-17), but you must own the software Zillions of Games to be able to run it. (I recommend the download version.)
© Mats Winther, 2017.